• Yes, I understand – you know, Finnish languages is one of the most difficult language in the world – because of its grammar – 16 cases!

          All the best, dear friend 🙂


          • Yes, case is a bit of an awkward concept if you are 1st language english speaking – because we are a bit short on them – at least since about 1100. But how did both FinnoUgric and IndoEuropean languages both end up with cases?

            Liked by 2 people

            • When having a closer look into the grammar of a language we will find that maybe all languages (I do not know how it is with the picture languages) constist of cases, like a skeleton of the language. In Roman languages you have got 5 or even 6 cases (when counting Vocativ in addition to it), in the Slavic languages you will have 6 or 7 cases, Indogermanic languages have normally 4 cases – Finnish/Ugric is a unique language and has no similarity with any other language (except Estonian language) – in the Finnish/Ugric language they do not use prepositions – instead they replace them with cases as special forms put to the end of a Verb, Noun etc.

              Maybe I could help to explain a bit about the languages 🙂

              Have a good time

              Liked by 1 person

              • Actually I know a reasonable amount about languages – IndoEuropean ones anyway. Yes, Slavic, Germanic and Latin – all effectively on the same PIE root so no surprise that they all have case endings. But you can function well enough as a language without these endings and inbthe cases of English, Swedish, Macedonian, Bulgarian, French and Spanish etc – with the exception of personal pronouns etc largely these inflections have disappeared. Welsh and Gaelic have them as frontal inflections and not suffixes. So, you might say PIE had a complex case system which has gradually worn away in many languages and very probably that was what most earlier IE scholars thought. And they probably also thought there had always been three genders M F and neuter – and in many the neuter had assimilated to the masculine etc.
                Then they found Hittite and the Anatolian branch. It must have broken away around 2500 BC. Unlike most early IE languages it only has 2 tenses and two genders animate and neuter. Hittite had either lost the feminine gender or had never had it. Furthermore its case system although complex applied in the same way to both genders. So PIE at c 2500 BC must have been heavily inflected but the inflections for both genders were essentially the same. There is no sign that in early PIE gender functioned as a derivational device.
                Then we have the problem that we don’t have any inscriptions for the next breakaways: Tocharian as we know it dates from thousands of years later, Phrygian is poorly attested described only by a few Greek authors.
                Is it possible that at some point in the Yamnaya Horizon hypothesis that the language anscestor encountered people from another completely separate language group?

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                • Dear friend

                  Thank you very much for these detailed information given, which I consider as very interesting, since my profession also deals with languages.

                  According to language researchers the degree of diversity of the spoken languages revealed from 2000 years BC onwards, makes a point of separation after about 3000 BC appear not plausible. (They came to this conclusion, because of the common vocabulary of the subsequent languages, for example for the word “wheel”)

                  And interesting is that the cuneiform was at first a picture language. It developed into a syllable writing, from which also phonetic consonants (the Ugaritic writing)sprang up. The cuneiform inscription was invented by the Sumerians and later used by numerous peoples of the ancient Orient: the Akkaids, Babylonians, Assyrians, Hittites, Persians, and others.

                  So PIE itself seems to be a follow-up language originating from picture languages. Maybe there was even one common language at a certain time which then underwent different developments.

                  Thanks for sharing this interesting subject, dear friend:)

                  Have a happy Easter

                  Liked by 1 person

    • Thanks for your good wishes, my dear Joni 🙂
      Yes, Easter weekend has been nice and peaceful. I made walks in the nature and it feels so good – then I also feel oneness with the nature (especially here, in Finland with lots of forests and thousand of lakes and islands)
      For you and your family a great Easter Monday, my dear friend 🙂
      Hugs and love

      Liked by 1 person

  1. HAPPY EASTER TO YOU AND YOUR LOVE ONES. May our Lord deliver us from the trying situation.

    Today is Vaisakhi – at normal times there used to be mass congregation and also a fair with Bhangra dance and Godha but today all the pump and show was missing. Today was also VAISAKH month therefore HAPPY NEW YEAR.



    Liked by 1 person

    • Thanks for giving me these information, dear Harbans 🙂 Yes, all feast, Bhandaras are suspended for a time being, no gathering of many people is possible in these hard times.

      It seems that mankind has to learn a big lesson – something that has to go deep into our heads and hearts – this is mostly dann via suffering and pain… – in this case the world is affected, all religions, all nations, all human beings…

      So a Happy New Year to you, dear friend – may we all come out of these dark times with strength, courage and more humanity, more respect to one another.
      Warm regards, my friend 🙂

      Liked by 1 person

      • Yes Didi Sir, this Virus has spread without any bias; no religion, no caste, no colour, no religion or region has immunity. This also shows that our Omnipotent and Omniscient God has graced us all human with the same sort of system. Nobody is immune; high and low alike. It could take on PMs, Presidents, Monarchs etc. No question asked. This shows that all the HUMANITY are having the same spirit which could be infecteded by a single virus and could be saved gy a SINGLE SPIRIT – GOD.

        Yes sir, I pray for safty of all and with it us tool



        Liked by 1 person

        • Thank you, my dear friend Harbans 🙂
          Your words are precious and wonderful concerning Unity of Man, concerning: we all sit in the same boat, no higher, better, no lower…
          We are all one in the One…

          I am thankful for you words, dear friend 🙂
          With warm regards

          Liked by 1 person

  2. Pingback: HAPPY EASTER TO EVERYONE, IN SPITE OF THOSE DIFFICULT TIMES — Didis Art Design – yazım'yazgısı (typography)

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